There are at least two conditions necessary to fill a bucket with water. You have to put water into it, and the bucket can’t leak. Similarly, we can’t just feed academic content to students and expect them to succeed; behavioral success and academic success are interrelated. ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act), the recently passed federal elementary and secondary education authorization, finally acknowledges this. Specifically, ESSA calls for development of consistently positive and safe school and classroom settings, student engagement, and decreasing discipline referrals.